Acne is a condition of the skin, especially on the face, neck, upper arms and the back. It is a skin inflammation which causes spots and pimples. This skin condition is common among teenagers during puberty.
What causes acne? Can it be treated or prevented? We often ask these questions, especially if we experience this. Read on and find out more about this annoying skin condition.
What Causes Acne?
There are several factors which may cause this. It is best that we know about these causes so we can avoid them as much as possible.
There is a particular type of bacteria called Propionibacterium acnes or P. acnes. This type of bacteria lives in at the base of hair follicles, feeding on cellular debris and sebum. Factors like heredity, stress, and hormonal changes cause overproduction of sebum, which results in the oversupply of P. acnes.
P. acnes secretes a substance which irritates the skin, causing inflammation. This inflammation then develops into acne.
- Clogged hair follicles
The hair follicles on our skin may be obstructed by sebum or dead skin cells. This may result in inflammation around the area, resulting in a skin problem.
Acne is usually common among people with oily skin. Overproduction of oil on your skin may clog pores and cause complications and inflammation resulting in this and other skin conditions.
What Factors May Worsen Acne?
If you already have acne, the best thing you can do is to prevent it from becoming worse (aside from treating it). Stay away from these factors, as they may worsen your acne:
Certain medications or drugs which contain lithium, corticosteroids and testosterone may aggravate your acne.
Stress is one thing which you must avoid if you have this kind of skin problem. Actually, stress can worsen or trigger a lot of other health conditions, not just acne. So as much as possible, avoid stressful activities, thoughts, and people.
What you eat may worsen your acne. So it is best to be informed about what food to avoid and what food not to avoid if you have this kind of skin problem. Food rich in carbohydrates and skim milk is among those who can worsen it.
Hormonal changes may also aggravate acne. If you have it, it is advised that you avoid taking oral contraceptives which affect the production of sebum.
Yes, this skin problem may be healed. If you have a worse case of this problem, there are ways to handle it, by using the following:
When an antibiotic is taken orally, it is essential to have a prescription from a doctor. So you need to consult a skin specialist first. You have the choice to choose if you will take antibiotics orally or apply it. But it works best with benzoyl peroxide.
- Benzoyl Peroxide
Benzoyl peroxide is available over the counter. Meaning, you can buy it even without prescription. But there are stronger versions of benzoyl peroxide which require an order. Benzoyl peroxide targets bacteria which cause acne.
Retinoids are vitamin A derivatives. They treat the first stages of acne, preventing it from developing and worsening. Treat blackheads and whiteheads by taking them. Over-the-counter buying is possible, but doctors prescribe most.
Having one of the most annoying skin problems doesn’t mean the end of the world. There are many ways to treat them as long as you know what causes them in the first place.